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mariani
17 Oct 2008, 10:50 PM
Sailing Checklist - Pretrip Planning

Planning the charter during the months and weeks before departure is almost as much fun as actually going on the trip. Several resources are available to aid in this process. First, a good cruising guide for the reigon that you intend to sail is essential. From this you can gather information about sights to see, places to visit, navigation aids, weather and climate information, anchorage information, lists of marinas in the area, and a whole host of other information. Second, having the charts of the reigon allows you to study prior to departure so that your tenative route is ready, and so that you know all of the alternate anchorages and approaches should you have to change your plans. Other helpful tools include weather information available on the internet, your favoirte sailing text for reviewing a bit, and a good book or magazine to give you that extra bit of exctement.

This checklist presents many aspects of pretrip planning. Each area should be considered in detail prior to depature. This list includes factors that may weigh into selecting the right reigon, company and boat as well as factors that you must consider after making those selections.
Area Selection
• Available Time
• Charter Company
• Cost
• Experience
• Security Issues
• Weather
Boat Selection
• Draft
• Rigging
• Size
• Length of Trip
• Type of Sailing (Bluewater, Coastal Cruising, Inland Waters)
• Equipment Requirements (Air Conditioning, Heat)
Itinerary
• Sailing/Anchorage/Land Time Ratios
• Fuel and Water Stops
• Activities Ashore
• Meal Planning
• MSD Servicing
• Re-provisioning
Weather
• Long Term Outlook
• Sea Conditions
• Short Term Forecast
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Sailing Checklist - Packing List

Luggage
• Back pack
• Duffle bag
• Dirty clothes bag
Clothes
• Beach towel
• Belts
• Gloves
• Hat & Lanyard
• Knit shirts
• Long pants
• Rain gear
• Shoes - boat
• Shoes - tennis
• Shorts
• Socks
• Swimsuit
• T shirts
• Underwear
Hygiene
• Brush - Hair
• Camay soap
• Chap stick with sun screen
• Deodorant
• Hair spray
• Liquid soap - Joy
• Nail clipper
• Razor
• Shampoo
• Sunscreen
• Tooth brush
• Tooth paste
Entertainment
• Camera - 35 mm
• Film
• Music tapes
• Reading material
• AA Batteries
Boating Items
• Batteries - flashlight
• Knife
• Flashlight
• Seizing
• Reference Manual
• Thermometer
Medical Supplies (See Health and Saftey Checklist)
Navigation Materials
• Binoculars
• Calculator
• Charts
• Compass
• Dividers
• Eraser
• GPS
• KVH Data Scope
• Parallel Ruler
• Pencil
• Tide and Current Tables
Miscellaneous
• Alarm clock
• Can insulator
• Cash
• Clothes Pins
• Eye glass straps
• Glasses
• Identification
• Insect Repellent
• Passport
• Sun Glasses
• Trash Bags
• Safety Pins
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Sailing Checklist - Boat Checkout

This page is intended to serve as an actual checklist to be used when reviewing the boat prior to departing for the charter. All of the items listed here are certainly not required for a successful charter, rather items that are frequently present are listed. The process of checking out the boat is the best opportunity that the chartering captain has to learn all he can about the operation of the boat. A bit more time spent checking the boat over prior to departure will undoubtedly save a lot of time later.
The importance of doing a complete check out cannot be emphasized enough. The chartering skipper must ensure himself that the boat has every peice of equipment that may be needed on the trip, and that each peice works properly. Particular attention should be paid to systems that absolutely must work for your trip to be a success. A copy of this page, printed and used as an actual checklist may prove very helpful in going over all of the details
Ships Papers
• U.S. Coast Guard Documentation
• State License
• Tax Decal
• Ownership Papers
• FCC Station License
• Oil Disposal Placard
• Waste Dumping Placard
• Owners' Manual
Equipment
Fixed Rigging
• Permanent Backstay
• Chain plate
• Forestay
• Mast
• Shrouds
• Spreaders
Running Rigging
• Adjustable Backstay
• Cunningham/Downhaul
• Outhaul
• Reefing Lines
• Boom Vang/Tensioner
• Boom Preventer
• Dock Lines
• Fenders
• Masthead Fly
• Tell Tails
• Foresail
• Foresail halyard
• Furling line
• Jib sheet
• Jib lead
• Main sheet
• Main halyard
• Mainsail
• Roller Furler
• Topping Lift
• Traveler
• Wenches and Handles
Ground Tackle
• Anchors
• Windless
• Anchor Rode
Electrical
• 110 volt System Check
• Air Conditioner
• Batteries
• Battery isolation switch
• Bilge Pumps
• Circuit breakers/fuses
• CNG Switch
• Fans
• Generator
• Heaters
• Lighter
• Lights
• MSD Pump
• Shore Power Cables
• Water Pump
Electronics
• AM/FM Radio - Tape Player
• Auto Pilot
• Depth Sounder
• EPIRB (Emergency Position Indicator Radio Beacon)
• GPS
• Log
• Loran
• Radar
• Radio (Restricted radio operators license)
• Weather Instruments
Engine
• Alarm
• Alternator
• Belts
• Exhaust (Cooling Water Outlet)
• Fuel Consumption
• Fuel Filters
• Fuel Air Bleeds
• Kill Switch
• Oil Level
• Oil Pressure
• Shaft Log
• Tachometer (RPM - Max and Cruising)
• Transmission (Shift Operation)
• Transmission Oil Level
• Water Level
• Water Temperature
• Water Thru Hull Fitting for Engine Cooling
• Water Filter
Supplies
• Diesel
• Gasoline
• MSD Chemicals
• Oil, Two Cycle
• Oil, Diesel Engine
• Propane/Compressed Natural Gas
• Transmission Fluid
• Water
Galley Ware
• Bowls
• Can Opener
• Coffee Maker
• Cooking Utensils
• Cups
• Flatware
• Glasses
• Ice Pick
• Plates
• Pots
• Skillet
Safety Equipment
• Bell
• Fire Extinguishes
• Flares
• Harness and Life Line
• Horn
• Life Jackets
• Light With Independent Battery
• Mechanical Bilge Pump
• Throw able Life Ring or Sling
Linens
• Dish Towels
• Pillow Cases
• Sheets
• Towels
• Wash Cloths
Miscellaneous
• Bailing Bucket
• Boat Hook
• Cockpit Cushions
• Flag
• Mask, Fins and Snorkel
• Mechanical Bilge Pump
Dingy
• Bailer
• Engine
• Gasoline Tank
• Oar or paddle
• Painters
• Emergency Kit (Sparkplug, wrench, shear pin)
MSD
• Chemicals Added
• Leaks
• Operation
• Tanks Empty
Refrigeration
• Hours of Operation per Day
• Location of Switch
• Technique to remove water
Potable Water System
• Capacity
• Hot Water Heater
• Leaks
• Mechanical Pump
• Number of Tanks
• Order of Use
• Tanks Full
Tools
• Adjustable Wrench
• Cable Cutters
• Electrical Tape
• Pliers
• Screwdriver Set
• Voltmeter
Hull Check
Gelcoat
• Gloss
• Cracks (Stress)
• Scratches
• Blemishes
• Blisters
Keel
• Signs of Having Been Aground
• Stress at the Root
• Surface Damage
Propeller/Shaft
• Nicks
• Trueness
• Propeller Bolts Secure
• Folding Propeller Folds Freely
Rudder
• Tightness
• Damage
• Steering Linkage (Gears, Pulleys, Cables)
• Emergency Tiller - Location and Operation
Thru Hull Fittings (Electrolysis)
Stantions
Cockpit Drain
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mariani
17 Oct 2008, 10:53 PM
Cruising - Meal Planning

Being on an extended coastal cruise does not mean forced dieting. In fact with heightened appetite, brought about by the work of sailing, food on board can be quite satisfying. Planning in advance is a necessity since there are few places for provisioning. Important considerations are the number of crew members, the length of cruise, the weather, the availability of refrigeration, cooking equipment on board and the combined skill and willingness of the cooks.
Provisioning
The provisions provided by charter companies vary greatly. Some have a bare boat with bare cupboard. Others have the basics including salt, pepper, paper towels, etc. It is best to go to the boat and check the inventory on board before making the trip to the store for provisions. It will save a trip, costly in time and money, later.
The inventory should be checked against the provision list and the remainder can be purchased.
Food Storage
In order to preserve refrigeration capacity and ice, don't store items in the refrigerator which do not need to be kept cool. As example, eggs will keep at room temperature for up to a week by wiping them with vaseline.
Food Preparation
Food preparation on a sailboat requires planning. Cooking inside in the summer can make sleep at night unbearable. Fuel can be preserved by preparing food for several meals at one cooking. When preparing grilled hamburgers, cook the meatballs for spaghetti & meatballs.
Typical Menu for an Eight Day Cruise
This menu is predicated on arriving for check out and provisioning on Day One and being at anchor in time to prepare the dinner meal. The last meal on the boat is planned for breakfast on Day Eight. Notice that the perishables are consumed early in the cruise with the more staple goods used at the last.
Day Breakfast Lunch Dinner
One Eat Out Eat Out Grilled Chicken
Corn on the Cobb
Tossed Salad
Iced Tea
Two Cereal
Cantaloupe
Bananas
Milk
Coffee Turkey Sandwiches
Jell-O & Cool Whip
Iced Tea Hamburgers
Potatoes & Onions
Soft Drinks
Three Eggs
Bacon
Toast
Coffee Chicken Sandwiches
Chocolate Pudding
Cool Whip
Lemonade Grilled Pork Chops
Zucchini and Onions
Pea Pods
French Bread
Iced Tea
Four Cereal
Milk
Raisins
Coffee Ham Sandwiches
Potato Chips
Olives
Boiled Eggs
Cookies
Iced Tea Steak
Baked Potatoes
Green Beans
Salad
Russian Dressing
Iced Tea
Five Eggs
Bacon
Coffee Sloppy Joes
Potato Chips
Soft Drinks Spaghetti & Meatballs
Slaw
Iced Tea
Six Cereal
Raisins
Coffee Tuna Sandwiches
Olives
Boiled Eggs
Tapioca Pudding Eat Out
Seven French Toast
Grapefruit Juice
Coffee
Milk Spam Sandwiches
Vienna Sausage
Lemonade Vegetable Soup
Hot Dogs
Eight Cereal
Canned Pineapple
Milk
Coffee Eat Out Eat Out

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Sailing Checklist - Sail Refresher

This checklist presents some key elements in basic sailing that need to be refreshed prior to the charter. Often sailors who regularly charter boats are not frequent in those charters. This list can help stir up the cobwebs that develop when we can't sail as often as we would like.

Sail Parts
• Clew
• Foot
• Head
• Leech
• Luff
• Tack
Setting Sails
• Roller Furler
• Winches
Sail Trim
• Outhaul
• Backstay
• Cunningham
• Sheets
• Traveler/Boom Vang
Reefing
• Ease the main sheet
• Lower the halyard
• Hook the luff grommet on the reefing hook
• Tighten the halyard
• Winch the leach reef line in tight - horizontal wrinkles along the foot - loosen the boom vang
• Trim in the mainsail
• Tie sail ties at the reef points
Shake Out a Reef
• Remove sail ties at reef points (failure to do so will result in a torn sail)
• Ease the mainsheet
• Release the leach reef line
• Lower the halyard
• Unhook the luff grommet from the reefing hook
• Tighten the halyard
• Trim the mainsail
Tacking
• Standby to Come About
• Ready About
• Hard Alee
• Through the Wind
• Boom Across
Jibing
• Standby to Jibe
• Ready
• Jibe-Ho
• Boom Across
Dousing Sail
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Sailing Checklist - Grounding

It has happened to the best of sailors - you went agound! This list presents in order several techniques to attempt to remove your boat from its new resting place. One key is to know if the tide is coming or going, so make sure your tide tables are always handy.
When finding yourself agound, the first feeling is often one of embarassment. Don't let that feeling prevent you from accepting help from other nearby sailors. Keep in mind that if these methods fail, most charter companies have rules about calling for a professional towing company. It is best to contact the charter company prior to arranging any professional assistance.
Turn toward deep water - Engine in forward
Trim sails tight to heel boat
Adjust sails to rotate boat
Rock the boat - lean far out hanging to shrouds
Use dingy to carry anchor out - use jib wench to pull off
Use dingy as a tow boat - push at the bow to turn boat
Attach halyard to anchor rode - heel boat
Wait for high tide
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Sailing Checklist - Anchoring

Different conditions call for different anchoring strategies. This list reviews the primary types of anchors and some anchoring techniques that may prove useful in different situations. It is important to note the different forces that you will be dealing with prior to setting your anchor. Remember that the tide and the wind do not always agree, and that with different tide and wind directions anchoring can become more complicated. Pay attention to the way these forces are acting on the boats in the anchorage prior to setting your anchor. Once again, preparation is the key to success. Have your anchor and rode ready when entering the anchorage, study the situation carefully, then set the anchor and get the grill ready!
Anchor Types
• Bruce
• Plow
• CQR
• Danforth
Anchor Rode
• Scope
• Chain / Line
Anchoring Techniques
• Single Anchor
• Double Anchor
• Bahamian
• Med Moor
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Sailing Checklist - Radio Procedures

Emergency Radio Procedures
• Distress Signal: Mayday
Used to indicate that a mobile station is threatened by grave and imminent danger and requests immediate assistance.
• Urgency Signal: PAN PAN
Used when the safety of the vessel or person is in jeopardy. Example "Man Over Board"
• Safety Signal: SECURITY (SAY-CURITAY)
Used for messages concerning the safety of navigation or giving important meteorological warnings.
Radio Channels
• 06 Safety Only
• 09 Commercial and Recreational
• 13 Commercial and Recreational, Ports and Bridges, Maneuvering, Short Messages
• Power Limit 1 watt.
• 14 Ports, Bridges and Locks
• 15 Recreational Only, Emergency Beacons
• 16 Distress and Hailing
• 17 State Control - 1 watt
• 22 U.S. Coast Guard, Public Liaison
• 24-28 Shore Telephone Services
• 68 Recreational Ship and Shore
• 69 Recreational Ship and Shore
• 71 Recreational Ship and Shore
• 72 Recreational Ship and Ship Only
• 78 Recreational Ship and Shore
• 84-88 Shore Telephone Services
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mariani
17 Oct 2008, 10:53 PM
Sailing Checklist - Health and Safety

In regard to Safety, many different idioms have been created. Some of these may be useful when faced with critical situations on the water where logic and careful thinking is sometimes thrown to the wind. Here are some of the brief safety tips that we have held onto over time.

Order of Priority
• Sail the Boat - Keep the boat and the crew safe by sailing the boat safely first.
• Navigate - Always know where you are going and where potential dangers lie.
• Communicate - The above goals are much easier to accomplish by good communication with the crew.
When walking on Deck:"One Hand for Yourself - One Hand for the Boat"

In Bad Weather: "He who keeps his sails put away, lives to sail another day."

With Increasing Wind: "If you even think about reefing - do it."

When making a windy approach in close quarters: "If in doubt, back it out."

Health deals with two aspects of chartering. First, you certainly want to feel as comfortable as possible while on the trip. This can be aided with a good complete medical kit. Second, you must be prepared for serious or even life threatening emergencies. The following sections includes suggestions for stocking a complete medical kit for a typical week long charter. In addition, make sure you bring any special medicines that you routinely take. Any sailor would be benefited by taking a first aid and CPR course prior to leaving on any trip where help is not immediately available.

SYMPTOM TREATMENT
Allergies Benadryl
EpiPen (if history indicates)
Athlete's Foot Micatin
Bites Benadryl
Cortaid
Burns Solarcaine
AloeExtra (Aloe Vera)
Congestion Sudafed
Dristan
Constipation Bisacodyl (Ducolax)
Cuts Bandaids
Gauze
Diarrhea Immodium AD
Eye Strain Artificial Tears
Fever Tylenol
Advil
Aches and Pains Tylenol
Advil
Infection Alcohol
Neosporin
Hydrogen Peroxide
Rash Cortaid
Sea Sickness Bonine
Dramamine
Sprains Ace Bandage
Sunburn Solarcaine
AloeExtra

Packing List for Medical Kit
Medicines
• Tylenol
• Advil
• Benadryl
• Sudafed
• Dristan
• Ducolax
• Immodium AD
• Pepto Bismol (if traveling to third world)
• Artificial Tears
• Bonine and/or Dramamine
Topical Preparations
• Cortaid
• Neosporin
• Hydrogen Peroxide
• Alcohol
• Solarcaine
• Aloe Vera
• Micatin
Supplies
• Gauze
• Scissors
• Tape
• Band Aids (variety)
• Ace Bandage
• First Aid Book


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Sailing Checklist - Appendix

Beaufort Wind Scale
Force Wind
Knots WMO
Description Estimating Wind Speed
Effects At Sea Effects Near Land Effects On Land
0 Under 1 Calm Sea like a mirror Calm Calm; smoke rises vertically
1 1-3 Light Air Ripples with appearance of scales; no foam crests Small sailboat just has steerage way Smoke drift indicates wind direction; vanes do not move
2 4-6 Light Breeze Small wavelets; crests of glassy appearance; not breaking Wind fills the sails of small boats which then travel at about 1-2 knots Wind felt on face; leaves rustle; vanes begin to move
3 7-10 Gentle Breeze Large wavelets; crests begin to break, scattered whitecaps Sailboats begin to heel and travel at about 3-4 knots Leaves and small twigs in constant motion; light flags extended
4 11-16 Moderate Breeze Small waves 1-4 ft., becoming longer; numerous whitecaps Good working breeze, sailboats carry all sail with good heel Dust, leaves, and loose paper raised up; small branches move.
5 17-21 Fresh Breeze Moderate waves 4-8 ft taking longer form; many whitecaps; some spray Sailboats shorten sail Small trees in leaf begin to sway
6 22-27 Strong Breeze Larger waves 8-13 ft forming white caps everywhere; more spray Sailboats have double reefed mainsails Larger branches of trees in motion; whistling heard in wires
7 28-33 Near Gale Sea heaps up, waves 13-20 ft; white foam from breaking waves begins to be blon in streaks Boats remain in harbor; those at sea heave-to Whole trees in motion; resistance felt in walking against wind
8 34-40 Gale Moderately high (13-20 ft) waves of greater length; edges of crests begin to break into spindrift; foam is blown in wellmarked streaks Boats remain in harbor; those at sea heave-to Whole trees in motion; resistance felt inwalking against wind
9 41-47 Strong Gale High waves (20 ft); sea begins to roll; dense streaks of foam; spray may reduce visibility Slight structural damage occure; slate blows from roofs
10 48-55 Storm Very high waves (20-30 ft) with overhanging crests;sea takes a white apperance as foam is blown in very dense streaks; rolling is heavy and visibility is reduced Seldom experienced on land; trees broken or uprooted; considerable structural damage occurs
11 56-63 Violent Storm Exceptionally high (30-45 ft) waves; sea covered with white foam patches; visibility still more reduced
12 64 -up Hurricane Air filled with foam; waves over 45 ft; sea completely white with driving spray; visibility greatly reduced
Note: The Beaufort Wind Scale goes to Force 12. It is only academic at this level. All sailors by this time are in port, wish they were, being beaten up, or sinking.

Vali
18 Oct 2008, 03:23 PM
Mariani, fara suparare, decat sa poluezi forumul cu un carnat pe care n-o sa aiba nimeni rabdare sa-l citeasca, puteai sa dai un simplu link sau sa faci upload. Am rugamintea sa postezi scurt si la obiect, si daca se poate chestii concrete si de interes, nu copy-paste de pe net.

Pilgrim
18 Oct 2008, 08:09 PM
Dragilor...daca stau sa citesc lista postata de Mariani...in momentul receptiei charterului:confused:... se termina periada alocata si eu nu apuc sa ma desprind de cheu:mad:....nu zic e nu e utila dar sa nu exageram....vint sa fie ....timp aproape favorabil...in rest navigatie placuta....:D

mariani
18 Oct 2008, 08:41 PM
OK Vali, no hard-feelings ...

Da, poate ca asa se practica pe un forum. Nu stiu pentru ca nu am experienta in postari pe forumuri ... ar fi parut mai interesant sa te aud ca protestezi ptr ca informatia e in engleza.
Dar daca tinem asa are la forumul asta si daca ii respectam pe tovarasii nostri cred ca ar trebui sa postam informatii pe cat posibil in limba romana ... si sa nu ii poluam cu injective ...

:noroc:

capitanul nemo
18 Oct 2008, 08:53 PM
OK Vali, no hard-feelings ...

Da, poate ca asa se practica pe un forum. Nu stiu pentru ca nu am experienta in postari pe forumuri ... ar fi parut mai interesant sa te aud ca protestezi ptr ca informatia e in engleza.
Dar daca tinem asa are la forumul asta si daca ii respectam pe tovarasii nostri cred ca ar trebui sa postam informatii pe cat posibil in limba romana ... si sa nu ii poluam cu injective ...

:noroc:

Hai să nu ne supărăm :noroc: Informaţia este utilă şi cu toţii cunoaştem cel puţin limba engleză. Colegii de pasiune se refereau la faptul că ea este postată de-a lungul unui thread, cβnd locul ei era mai potrivit ξntr-un document de tip pdf sau doc.
Cu toţii suntem asaltaţi de informaţie şi ξncercăm să o organizăm şi să o filtrăm, despre asta era vorba. :D

Vali
18 Oct 2008, 09:30 PM
No hard feelings man, era o simpla observatie, dar orice forum are anumite reguli, si in primul rand hostingul costa, iar membrii au nevoie de informatii condensate si la obiect. Si n-am sa protestez vreodata ca e vb de limba engleza, pentru ca toate informatiile importante sunt in engleza, si cine n-o stie e cam pe dinafara in ziua de azi.

mariani
18 Oct 2008, 09:56 PM
ok capitane nemo!


e foarte adevarat - e multa informatie dar socot ca asa e mult mai rapid decat sa fac download sa descarc, sa deschid wordul si abia atunci sa vad de spre ce e vorba.


:noroc:

capitanul nemo
18 Oct 2008, 10:25 PM
ok capitane nemo!


e foarte adevarat - e multa informatie dar socot ca asa e mult mai rapid decat sa fac download sa descarc, sa deschid wordul si abia atunci sa vad de spre ce e vorba.


:noroc:

:happy-banana: Mulţumim!

mariani
21 Oct 2008, 10:31 PM
Dragilor...daca stau sa citesc lista postata de Mariani...in momentul receptiei charterului:confused:... se termina periada alocata si eu nu apuc sa ma desprind de cheu:mad:....nu zic e nu e utila dar sa nu exageram....vint sa fie ....timp aproape favorabil...in rest navigatie placuta....:D


Am reusit sa gasesc ceva mai rezonabil. Sper sa fie utile amadoua sau macar una din ele!